This is Part 2 of my conversation with Jim Rogers. To read Part 1, where Jim comments on his concern about world debt and the U.S. and Chinese markets, please click here.
Q: What about bonds?
Jim Rogers: I’m short junk bonds [bonds from companies with very low credit ratings]. Yields are low (and negative in a lot of markets) because central banks are doing everything they can to “save” us.
But in the end, the central bankers are going to fail. The market has more money than they do. At some point, the market, and investors, are going to say, we don’t want any more of your paper. In the meantime, politicians will say, don’t worry, we’ll save you. And there will be some rallies along the way. But this time it will be too much, and too late. By 2017 there will be disaster everywhere.
Q: You’ve also long been an advocate of agriculture. How do you view it now?
Jim Rogers: I don’t own agricultural land right now. It might make sense to buy it now, and it’s one of the few assets that I would be buying now. I’d rather have land than gold or silver. As long as paper currencies continue to be debased, you’re going to need real assets [real assets are things you can touch and hold and see, like land or gold bars or silver coins] to save yourself.
The commodity index I put together [called the Rogers International Commodity Index, traded on the NYSE under the ticker RJI] has outperformed the other indices. RJA [the Rogers International Commodity-Agriculture Index ETN] is for agriculture products. The reason it’s better is that the others were hopeless, so I had to put something together for my own money.
Q: Tell me about your latest thoughts about China.
[When I met with Jim in 2015, he told me that he thinks China will eventually allow its currency to float, or be freely traded like other major currencies. He also said, “Governments always think they’re smarter than markets. But they never are.”]
Jim Rogers: China is continuing to open up its currency. [That means they are allowing it to be more freely traded on international currency markets, instead of controlling it so much themselves]. They’re doing the right thing. They’ve said that they would let it float based on a basket of currencies.
If I were they, I would just let it float. And they’re moving in that direction now. If, and when, China’s currency becomes completely convertible, it will probably decline for a while – if for no other reason than that it’s been the strongest currency in the world for the past ten years. So it will need to consolidate [that is, go down for a while, or at least stop going up], and some people in China will want to get their money out. As I said, when the U.S. dollar is overvalued, I’ll probably look to buy the RMB [renminbi].
Q: If you were buying assets to put into the retirement accounts of your two daughters, what would you invest in? In other words, how do you see markets unfolding over the long term?
Jim Rogers: If you sold U.S. stocks in 1916, you’d have looked smart for a year or two. But over the past century, of course, the U.S. has been the big story. And in coming decades, China will continue to emerge. It’s going to be the big story. So with that kind of time horizon I’d be looking to buy shares of Chinese companies, and looking past the challenges that China is facing now and will continue to face in coming months.
Beyond that? Maybe gold. It’s preserved its value over long periods of time. That, and a farm in North Korea. I’m a big believer in agriculture and farmland. And at some point North Korea will join the rest of the world.
Q: Here in Asia, real estate seems to be the first, second and third asset class that people look to invest in. How do you view investment in real estate, aside from farmland?
Jim Rogers: There’s nothing wrong with owning a place to live, of course. Here in Asia, a lot of investors go beyond that, to own multiple properties. But I think a lot of real estate is overpriced, in Hong Kong, Singapore and parts of China. I would avoid buying real estate in much of Asia, in fact – agricultural real estate excepted.
Over the long term, interest rates will go up. The low interest rates of recent years are distorting a lot of things, including real estate prices. And once interest rates go up, property prices go down. Even if you own your home, and aren’t directly hurt by higher interest rates, your neighbours who have mortgages might get in trouble. So if your neighbours can’t make their mortgage payments, that’s going to hurt you as well, because prices in the area will go down. It’s going to be difficult to avoid.
Q: What other markets or assets around the world catch your eye?
Jim Rogers: I’ve recently owned the yen, only because so many people are shorting it. But I wouldn’t buy it as a long-term play.
Otherwise, I’m keeping some markets on my radar. Kazakhstan is very cheap, and the government is making the right moves. I see the same thing in Nigeria. Venezuela is a disaster right now. Normally if you buy a disaster that bad, it comes out fine a few years, or a decade, later. I see potential in these markets, although I’m not investing there just now. I like North Korea, but there’s no good way to play it.
But overall, these are perilous times. People should be worried and getting prepared and hunkering down. It’s not going to be fun.
Q: What do you think about the price of oil?
Jim Rogers: Oil is in the process of making a complicated bottom that will probably happen this year. That’s why I’m looking at those countries I mentioned above (all of which are heavily dependent on oil). I’m also looking at Iran. I’m also looking to add to what I own in Russia. I want to buy more Russian government bonds in rubles, and the shares of Russian companies too.
Q: How about gold?
Jim Rogers: I’m not buying gold right now. It’s rallied four times over the past three years, by around 15-20 percent. I’m not adding on this run. Gold bulls will say that the worst is now over. But remember that gold has rallied like this several times. I’d rather buy agriculture if I’m looking for hard assets. In my view this isn’t the end of the correction in gold.
Q: A final question. What do you read to keep abreast of what’s going on in the world? What are your sources of information?
Jim Rogers: Well, I read your Asian Wealth Daily every day. I read the Financial Times, and the Wall Street Journal. I read a lot of things on the internet. Some of it is insane, but you need to know what the insane people are doing too.
Q: Jim, thanks for much for your time.
Jim Rogers: Thank you. Anytime.